[Industrial use is polarized in the first quarter, and the domestic demand index for the whole year is expected to reach 57.9]
Release date:[2020/8/5] A total of reading[119]time

A sudden epidemic has not only had a profound impact on my country's industrial chain and supply chain, but also has a huge impact on the textile and apparel industry. Faced with a series of challenges such as hindered foreign trade, sluggish domestic demand, and declining sales, industries and enterprises have also begun to rescue themselves and break through in different ways, looking for opportunities in danger while resisting the tremendous pressure.

How to deal with the unseen changes in a century, find a way out in the fog, and re-energize? At this moment, accurately recognize change, scientifically adapt to changes, actively seek change, recognize the trend of change, strengthen confidence, and be good at catching the immediate crisis and the immediate difficulties And creating opportunities is a counterattack path for China's textile industry to start innovation again under the epidemic.

   To defeat the epidemic and embark on another journey, confidence cannot be reduced, and the goal of a textile power cannot be changed.

In order to better help companies see the essence through changes and follow trends to find directions, "China Textile" magazine specially launched a series of special reports on "Seize Opportunities and Determine Confidence", focusing on the two markets of foreign trade and domestic demand, starting from different dimensions of industry and enterprises. Take the pulse of the current development status of the textile industry, prescribe the right medicine, plan ahead, and gain momentum for high-quality development.

  The outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has made us feel the importance and indispensability of industrial textiles as never before. After the outbreak of the epidemic, China's industrial textile industry has overcome many difficulties and tried its best to ensure the normal supply of raw and auxiliary materials. Many people believe that the only industry currently not affected by the epidemic is the industrial textile industry. So, does this epidemic have any impact on industrial industries? If so, how big is the impact? What are the main manifestations of these effects?

  The industry runs smoothly in the first quarter

   Epidemic causes polarization

In order to keep abreast of the operation of the industrial textile industry in the first quarter, especially the orders, production and sales of enterprises under the new crown epidemic, as well as the company's development expectations for the whole year, the China Industrial Textile Industry Association launched the industry at the end of March Questionnaire survey. It is understood that in this survey, a total of 240 companies submitted questionnaires, including 233 valid questionnaires. The effective sample enterprises come from the fields of medical and health, safety protection, non-woven fabric rolls, filtration and separation, thread belts, military-civilian integration, special fibers and equipment, ropes and nets, and involve the entire industrial chain of industrial textiles. Analyzing the sample companies, the main business revenue (corporate size) in 2019 is mainly concentrated in 100 to 500 million yuan, accounting for nearly 40% of the total. Nearly 10% of the companies exceed 1 billion yuan, and 12.45% of the companies are scale. The following companies.

  Sample company field distribution

   Regarding the business performance of the companies in the first quarter, 11.16% of the companies said it was very good, 30.47% of the companies said it was relatively good, and 38.63% of the companies said it was fair. Nearly 20% of companies said their business conditions were not good, and nearly 4% of them said they were very poor. The business situation is indexed, and the industry’s prosperity index in the first quarter is 63.7. The health care, safety protection, filtration and separation, non-woven coils, equipment and accessories are booming. Among them, the medical and health field is engaged in the production of anti-epidemic materials. The prosperity index of China reached 79.2, while the prosperity index of geotechnical construction, rope netting, interlining and other fields was below the prosperity and decline value (50).

  The first quarter sample enterprise prosperity index chart

   Through analysis, it can be found that the impact of the epidemic on the industrial textile industry tends to be polarized. On the one hand, companies that produce anti-epidemic materials are in good business conditions, with substantial growth in demand and full orders; on the other hand, companies engaged in production in other fields have also been negatively affected to varying degrees.

Companies generally expect that after the second quarter, with the recovery of production and the start of major projects, and the implementation of national policies and measures to support economic development, the industry’s demand for infrastructure construction, environmental protection, and safety protection will resume, and medical protection will be restored globally. The demand for products will continue to grow, and the company remains optimistic about the business situation throughout the year.

   Demand side. 31.33% of the sample companies said that the outbreak of the new crown epidemic has stimulated demand growth, while 21.03% of the companies said that the epidemic has reduced demand, and 4.12% of the companies said that the epidemic has delayed their company's demand and orders, but it is expected to recover within the year, 6.44 % Of companies stated that the epidemic has no impact on their company's demand.

  For overseas orders. 34.43% of companies said that overseas orders were stable, but 32.79% of companies said that some orders were cancelled, and 8.2% of companies said that orders were cancelled in large numbers, but 9.84% of companies said that orders had increased. The questionnaire shows that the industry as a whole is not highly dependent on overseas markets.

   The situation of the materials to fight the epidemic. 20.6% of the sample companies had been engaged in the production of masks, protective clothing, and their raw and auxiliary materials before the epidemic. 31.76% of the companies indicated that they started to switch to the above-mentioned materials after the outbreak, and 47.64% of the companies indicated that they did not produce materials related to the fight against the epidemic.

  Fixed asset investment situation. 66.09% of the sample companies indicated that they have new project investment plans in 2020. Affected by the epidemic, 67.53% of companies with investment plans will implement investment projects as planned, and 29.87% said they will postpone the implementation, depending on the impact of the epidemic, and only one company said they have cancelled their investment plans.

  Non-protective products industry cluster has greater influence

   SMEs are not optimistic

  The epidemic has had a greater impact on small and medium-sized private enterprises represented by catering, tourism, and manufacturing. Similarly, certain types of non-protective equipment cluster enterprises are also facing severe challenges to varying degrees.

  Engineering companies

Due to the impact of the epidemic, the delay in the resumption of work by engineering companies at the request of the local government directly led to the delay of the start of the project, which will directly affect the overall construction period of the project. Indirectly affected the actual construction progress of the project; at the same time, the impact of the epidemic caused a shortage of labor services and materials and related and cost increases, resulting in a substantial increase in costs. Such as the equipment in Zhitang, Jiangsu, and the geotechnical project in Shandong Lingcheng. There are many equipment manufacturers in Zhitang, Jiangsu. Because their products have nothing to do with the epidemic, they are greatly affected by the market and shutdowns. There are many geotechnical enterprises in Shandong Lingcheng, but most of them are engineering enterprises, which implement turnkey projects.

  Operational enterprise of service production

   Service companies tend to be mainly asset-light small and medium-sized enterprises with outstanding professional characteristics in the industry. At present, labor costs and logistics costs have doubled, and the overall anti-risk ability in the face of the current epidemic is not strong, and they are greatly affected by the suspension of production by the companies they serve. For example, in Anping, Hebei, transportation companies, monitoring platform companies, and exhibitions in the cluster are delayed or unable to start operations due to the impact of the epidemic, resulting in insufficient performance of major companies.

  General equipment manufacturing enterprise

  Equipment production enterprises are labor-intensive equipment production enterprises. In order to prevent the spread of the epidemic, most general equipment production enterprises have suspended work for holidays. If you don’t start work, you’ll just sit back and forth. Various expenses, including rent, equipment depreciation, loan interest, and staff salaries, are under tremendous pressure. These manufacturers and enterprises are facing the risk of shortage of funds. For example, electromechanical enterprises, foundry enterprises and steel processing enterprises in Zhitang, Jiangsu will be affected by non-main business.

   Be wary of overcapacity after the epidemic

   Structural adjustment is imperative

In 2019, the highest daily output of masks in China is more than 20 million, the output is about 5 billion, and the output value is as high as 10.235 billion. The fastest production rate of masks is 1,000 per minute. As of February 28, 2020, masks, especially electrets There is still a shortage of similar or non-electret meltblown medical masks. For domestic mask production companies, the production capacity of masks will be expanded in the short term by purchasing production lines and expanding production workers. The epidemic will increase many people's awareness of the prevention and control of respiratory diseases. In the short term, there will still be a large gap in the market. Appropriate adjustment of the industrial structure will help meet market demand. However, because masks are not a necessities of life, the market demand for masks will stabilize after the epidemic is over. Small businesses have weak anti-risk capabilities, sudden adjustments to the industrial structure, inventory backlogs, and cash flow occupation. Medical protective clothing and isolation clothing also face this problem.

   The epidemic crisis has had a greater impact on the industry, and overall the positive impact is greater than the negative impact.

  In the short term, the most fundamental negative impact of the epidemic on the industry is capital problems and staff shortages, especially the increasing cash flow difficulties of small, medium and micro enterprises. Cluster enterprises can solve the problem of short-term capital turnover through account receivable factoring, fund lending, and at the same time appropriately increasing exports. Survival during the epidemic is a victory.

From the perspective of medium-term development, the epidemic has prompted the industry to standardize and standardize the water environment, atmospheric environment, emergency monitoring, emergency treatment, medical sewage treatment, medical waste treatment and disposal, environmental sanitation services, and even the construction of a national reserve system. It is imperative to raise standards and upgrades in the depth and breadth of these sub-sectors in the future. Therefore, enterprises in the cluster industry should regard the epidemic crisis as an opportunity for industry upgrading and development.

  From the perspective of long-term strategy, at this stage, more than 90% of the country is small, medium and micro enterprises. Due to the impact of the competitive environment, it is difficult for enterprises to develop sustainably with the support of innovative technologies. Some processing industries have low technological content, which also restricts the investment value of the industry. After the epidemic, it is necessary to accelerate the process of industry mergers and acquisitions. The second is to establish a national emergency reserve, increase acquisitions, and take into account the purchase and storage and the release of production capacity. The third is to improve the industrial chain and form a self-improving larger-scale industrial cluster. This is an issue that governments and enterprises in clusters need to consider in advance.

  The market and capital are difficult

  Enterprises are optimistic about future development

Regarding the main difficulties faced by enterprises, 52.36% of enterprises think that it is difficult to expand overseas markets, 46.78% of enterprises think that market demand is declining, and nearly 30% of enterprises think that cash flow is tight. Other difficulties faced include restricted transportation and logistics, labor shortages and labor shortages. It is difficult to purchase raw and auxiliary materials, but market demand and capital are the biggest challenges facing enterprises.

However, regarding the expected development of the industry throughout the year, 30% of the companies said that the domestic demand for the whole year will increase by more than 10%, 17.6% of the companies believe that it will increase by 3% to 10%, and 22.32% of the companies said that the demand will be basic. The same, but 31% of companies said that demand will decline to varying degrees. After indexing the company’s domestic demand, the company’s annual domestic demand index was 57.9, which was higher than the domestic demand index in the first quarter. The overseas market demand index of enterprises is 43.6, which is higher than the overseas demand index in the first quarter, but it is still in the contraction range, indicating that the epidemic is spreading around the world, and enterprises hold a relatively pessimistic view on the recovery of the global economy.

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