[Biomass energy helps the textile industry to save energy and reduce emissions]
Release date:[2022/11/23] A total of reading[126]time

The growth of global population, the improvement of consumption level and the business model of fast fashion brands have promoted the rapid growth of global clothing consumption in the past 20 years, thus driving the vigorous development of the textile industry. However, the textile industry has become the world's second most polluting industry after the oil industry, emitting 17 tonnes of greenhouse gases for every tonne of textiles produced. It is predicted that by 2050, the fashion industry will consume more than 30% of the world's carbon budget.

One of the reasons for the long-term high carbon emissions in the textile industry is that the textile raw material is mainly petroleum fiber, and the energy consumption in the production process is large. Textiles can be divided into natural fiber and chemical fiber, but the natural fiber is limited, in order to meet the demand, it has to get polyester, nylon, spandex and other petroleum fibers from petroleum.

China's dependence on oil is about 70%. In order to ensure energy security, the key to break the game is not only wind and solar energy, but also biomass energy and biomass energy in the form of biomass materials. Experts believe that biomass materials are the future direction of development, which can solve resource and environmental problems.

Although biomass materials have been used in the garment industry in China for more than 10 years, they are still in the initial stage, due to high price, small capacity, untapped market and unestablished production system.

One of the main reasons for the high carbon emissions in the textile industry is that the effect of textile recycling is not up to expectations. About 92 million tons of textile waste are produced globally every year, and it is expected to reach 134 million tons by 2030. In China alone, more than 26 million tons of clothing are thrown away each year, with the output of waste textiles increasing by 10 to 15 percent annually, according to the China Circular Economy Association. As an important way to improve resource utilization efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, circular economy will undoubtedly become a key development direction in the future.

For example, Nike is cooperating with the Circular Economy Research Institute of Tongji University to explore the closed-circuit recycling of discarded athletic shoes, which has realized the transformation from old athletic shoes to playgrounds and plastic running tracks. "Circular economy is a chain. The ultimate goal of our industrial development is to make people healthier and happier, not just for industry's sake." "Said an industry expert.

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